Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
Package leaflet: Information for the user
Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett70 mg Film-coated tablets
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
It is particularly important to understand the information in section 3. How to take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett before taking this medicine.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
3. How to take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett is and what it is used for
What is Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett?
Alendronat HexalVeckotablettis a film-coated tablet containing the active substance alendronate sodium.
What is alendronate?
Alendronate belongs to a group of non-hormonal medicines called bisphosphonates. Alendronate prevents the loss of bone that occurs in women after they have been through the menopause, and helps to rebuild bone. It reduces the risk of spine and hip fractures.
What is Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett used for?
Your doctor has prescribed Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett to treat your osteoporosis. Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett reduces the risk of spine and hip fractures.
Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett is a once weekly treatment.
What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a thinning and weakening of the bones. It is common in women after the menopause. At the menopause, the ovaries stop producing the female hormone, oestrogen, which helps to keep a woman’s skeleton healthy. As a result, bone loss occurs and bones become weaker. The earlier a woman reaches the menopause, the greater the risk of osteoporosis.
Early on, osteoporosis usually has no symptoms. If left untreated, however, it can result in broken bones. Although these usually hurt, breaks in the bones of the spine may go unnoticed until they cause height loss. Broken bones can happen during normal, everyday activity, such as lifting, or from minor injury that would not generally break normal bone. Broken bones usually occur at the hip, spine, or wrist and can lead not only to pain but also to considerable problems like stooped posture (‘dowager’s hump’) and loss of mobility.
How can osteoporosis be treated?
Osteoporosis can be treated and it is never too late to begin treatment. Alendronat Hexal Veckotablettnot only prevents the loss of bone but actually helps to rebuild bone you may have lost and reduces the risk of bones breaking in the spine and hip.
As well as your treatment with Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett, your doctor may suggest you make changes to your lifestyle to help your condition, such as:
Smoking appears to increase the rate at which you lose bone and, therefore, may increase your risk of broken bones.
Like muscles, bones need exercise to stay strong and healthy. Consult your doctor before you begin any exercise programme.
Eating a balanced diet
Your doctor can advise you about your diet or whether you should take any dietary supplements (especially calcium and vitamin D).
What you need to know before you take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
Do not take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
if you are allergic to alendronic acid or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6)
if you have certain problems with your gullet (oesophagus - the tube that connects your mouth with your stomach) such as narrowing or difficulty swallowing
if you cannot stand or sit upright for at least 30 minutes
if your doctor has told you that you have low blood calcium
If you think any of these apply to you, do not take the tablets. Talk to your doctor first and follow the advice given.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor before taking Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
if you suffer from kidney problems
if you have any swallowing or digestive problems
if you have low blood calcium levels
if your doctor has told you that you have Barrett’s oesophagus (a condition associated with changes in the cells that line the lower oesophagus)
if you have gum disease, planned dental extraction, poor dental health or you don’t receive routine dental care
if you have cancer
if you are undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy
if you are taking angiogenesis inhibitors (such as bevacizumab, or thalidomide)
if you are taking corticosteroids (such as prednisone or dexamethasone)
if you are or have been a smoker (as this may increase the risk of dental problems
You may be advised to have a dental check-up before starting treatment with Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett. It is important to maintain good oral hygiene when being treated with Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett. You should have routine dental check-ups throughout your treatment and you should contact your doctor or dentist if you experience any problems with your mouth or teeth such as loose teeth, pain or swelling.
Irritation, inflammation or ulceration of the gullet (oesophagus - the tube that connects your mouth with your stomach) often with symptoms of chest pain, heartburn, or difficulty or pain upon swallowing may occur, especially if patients do not drink a full glass of water and/or if they lie down less than 30 minutes after taking Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett. These side effects may worsen if patients continue to take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablettafter developing these symptoms.
Children and adolescents
Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett should not be given to children and adolescents.
Other medicines and Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
It is likely that calcium supplements, antacids, and some oral medicines will interfere with the absorption of Alendronat Hexal Veckotablettif taken at the same time. Therefore, it is important that you follow the advice given in section 3. “How to take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett”.
Certain medicines for rheumatism or long-term pain called NSAIDs (e.g. acetylsalicylic acid or ibuprofen) might cause digestive problems. Therefore, caution should be used when these medicines are taken at the same time as Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett.
Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett with food and drink
It is likely that food and beverages (including mineral water) will makeAlendronat Hexal Veckotablettless effective if taken at the same time. Therefore, it is important that you follow the advice given in section 3. “How to takeAlendronat Hexal Veckotablett”.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Alendronat Hexal Veckotablettis only intended for use in postmenopausal women.
You should not take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablettif you are or think you may be pregnant.
You should not take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett if you are breast-feeding.
Driving and using machines
Alendronat Hexal Veckotablettmay affect your ability to drive or operate machines. Patients taking Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett can suffer from side effects including dizziness, severe muscle joint and bone pain and eye pain or inflammation. If you are affected in this way, you should contact your doctor before driving or using machinery. Individual responses to Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett may vary (see section 4)..
How to take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Take one 70 mg film-coated tablet once a week.
Follow these instructions carefully to make sure you will benefit from Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
1) Choose the day of the week that best fits your schedule. Every week, take one alendronate 70 mg film-coated tablet on your chosen day.
It is very important to follow instructions 2), 3), 4) and 5) to help the Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett reach your stomach quickly and help reduce the chance of irritating your gullet (oesophagus - the tube that connects your mouth with your stomach).
2) After getting up for the day and before taking any food, drink, or other medicine, swallow your alendronate 70 mg Film-coated tablet with a full glass of water only (not mineral water) (not less than 200 ml or 7 fl. oz.).
- Do not take with mineral water (still or sparkling).
- Do not take with coffee or tea.
- Do not take with juice or milk.
3) Do not chew the tablet or allow it to dissolve in your mouth.
4) Do not lie down - stay fully upright (sitting, standing or walking) - for at least 30 minutes after swallowing the tablet. Do not lie down until after your first food of the day.
5) Do not take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablettat bedtime or before getting up for the day.
6) If you develop difficulty or pain upon swallowing, chest pain, or new or worsening heartburn, stop taking Alendronat Hexal Veckotablettand contact your doctor.
7) After swallowing your Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett, wait at least 30 minutes before taking your first food, drink, or other medicine of the day, including antacids, calcium supplements and vitamins. Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett is effective only if taken when your stomach is empty.
If you take moreAlendronatHexalVeckotablett than you should
If you take too many tablets by mistake, drink a full glass of milk and contact your doctor immediately. Do not make yourself vomit, and do not lie down.
If you forget to take Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
If you miss a dose, just take one tablet on the morning after you remember. Do not take two tablets on the same day.Return to taking one tablet once a week, as originally scheduled on your chosen day.
If you stop taking Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
It is important that you continue taking Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett for as long as your doctor prescribes the medicine. Sinceitis notknownhowlongyoushouldtakeAlendronat Hexal Veckotablett,youshoulddiscusstheneedtostayonthis medicinewithyourdoctorperiodicallytodetermineifAlendronat Hexal Veckotablett isstillrightforyou.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Very common(may affect more than 1 in 10 people):
bone, muscle and/or joint pain which is sometimes severe
Common(may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
heartburn; difficulty swallowing; pain upon swallowing; ulceration of the gullet (oesophagus – the tube that connects your mouth with your stomach) which can cause chest pain, heartburn or difficulty or pain upon swallowing.
Rare(may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people):
allergic reactions such as hives; swelling of the face, lips, tongue and/or throat, possibly causing difficulty breathing or swallowing
severe skin reactions such as ring-shaped, red and often blistering rashes - common on hands and feet (toxic epidermal necrolysis), mucosal and skin inflammation in combination with high fever (Stevens-Johnson syndrome)
pain in the mouth, and/or jaw, swelling or sores inside the mouth, numbness or a feeling of heaviness in the jaw, or loosening of a tooth. These could be signs of bone damage in the jaw generally associated with delayed healing and infection, often following tooth extraction. Contact your doctor and dentist if you experience such symptoms,
unusual fracture of the thigh bone particularly in patients on long-term treatment for osteoporosis. Contact your doctor if you experience pain, weakness or discomfort in your thigh, hip or groin as this may be an early indication of a possible fracture of the thigh bone.
Talk to your doctor if you have ear pain, discharge from the ear, and/or an ear infection. These could be signs of bone damage in the ear.
Other side effects that may occur:
Common(may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
uncomfortable feeling in the stomach or belching after eating
full or bloated feeling in the stomach
swelling in the hands or legs
Uncommon(may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
irritation or inflammation of the gullet (oesophagus - the tube that connects your mouth with your stomach) or stomach
black or tar-like stools
redness of the skin
transient flu-like symptoms, such as aching muscles, generally feeling unwell and sometimes with fever usually at the start of treatment
blurred vision; pain or redness in the eye
Rare(may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
narrowing of the gullet (oesophagus - the tube that connects your mouth with your stomach)
mouth ulcers when the tablets have been chewed or sucked
stomach or peptic ulcers (sometimes severe or with bleeding)
rash made worse by sunlight
symptoms of low blood calcium levels including muscle cramps or spasms and/or tingling sensation in the fingers or around the mouth.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
You can also report side effects directly via the national reporting system listed in Appendix V. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. How to store Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and the blister after EXP.
The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
6. Contents of the pack and other information
The active substance is alendronic acid. Each film-coated tablet contains 70 mg alendronic acid (as sodium trihydrate).
The other ingredients are:
Tablets core: Microcrystalline cellulose, Colloidal anhydrous silica, Croscarmellose sodium, Magnesium stearate.
Microcrystalline cellulose, Carrageenan, Macrogol.
What Alendronat Hexal Veckotablett looks like and contents of the pack
White, round, biconvex film coated tablet, debossed with “ALN 70” on one side with a diameter of approximately 10 mm.
The product is packed in OPA-Aluminium-PVC/Aluminium blister and may be supplied in the following pack sizes
2 film-coated tablets
4 film-coated tablets
8 film-coated tablets
12 film-coated tablets
40 film-coated tablets.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
[to be completed nationally]
This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following names:
[To be completed nationally]
This leaflet was last revised in 2016-05-26
[To be completed nationally]