Cabergoline Ratiopharm

Information för alternativet: Cabergoline Ratiopharm 2 Mg Tablett, visar 3 alternativ
Document: Cabergoline ratiopharm 2 mg tablet SmPC change

Pre-existing information not covered by the CSP is highlighted in yellow

Produktinformationen för Cabergoline ratiopharm 2 mg tablett, MTnr 23665, gäller vid det tillfälle då läkemedlet godkändes. Informationen kommer inte att uppdateras eftersom läkemedlet inte marknadsförs i Sverige. Av samma anledning finns inte någon svensk produktinformation.

Den engelska produktinformationen kommer dock att uppdateras för de produkter där Sverige är referensland.

Om läkemedelsnamnet i följande produktinformation inte stämmer med namnet på dokumentet, beror det på att läkemedlet i Sverige är godkänt under ett annat namn.



Cabergoline ratiopharm 2 mg tablets


Each tablet contains 2 mg cabergoline.

Excipient: lactose 150.6 mg

For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.



The tablet can be divided into equal halves.

White, capsule-shaped, biconvex tablets with scores on both sides. One side is debossed with ‘CBG’ and ‘2’ on either side of the score.


4.1 Therapeutic indications

Treatment of Parkinson’s disease:

If treatment with a dopamine agonist is being considered, cabergoline is indicated as second line therapy in patients who are intolerant or fail treatment with a non-ergot compound,as monotherapy, or as adjunctive treatment to levodopa plus dopa-decarboxylase inhibitor, in the management of the signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease.

Treatment should be initiated under specialist supervision. The benefit of continued treatment should be regularly reassessed, taking into account the risk of fibrotic reactions and valvulopathy (see sections 4.3, 4.4 and 4.8).

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Cabergoline is to be administered by the oral route. In order to reduce the risk of gastrointestinal undesirable effects it is recommended that cabergoline is taken with meals for all therapeutic indications.

Adults and elderly patients:

As expected for dopamine agonists, dose response for both efficacy and undesirable effects appears to be linked to individual sensitivity. Optimization of dose should be obtained through slow initial dose titration, from starting doses of 0.5mg cabergoline (de novo patients) and 1 mg cabergoline (patients on L dopa) daily. The dosage of concurrent levodopa may be gradually decreased, while the dosage of cabergoline is increased, until the optimum balance is determined. In view of the long half-life of the compound, increments of the daily dose of 0.5-1 mg cabergoline should be done at weekly (initial weeks) or bi-weekly intervals, up to optimal doses.

The recommended therapeutic dosage is 2 to 3 mg cabergoline /day as adjuvant therapy to levodopa/carbidopa. The maximum daily dose is 3 mg. Cabergoline should be given as a single daily dose.

Use in children and adolescents:

The safety and efficacy of cabergoline has not been investigated in children or adolescents as Parkinson’s disease does not affect this population.

Use in patients with hepatic or renal dysfunction

For patients with severe hepatic dysfunction or end stage renal failure see section 4.3 and 4.4.

4.3 Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to cabergoline, any excipient of the product, or any ergot alkaloid..

History of pulmonary, pericardial and retroperitoneal fibrotic disorders.

Pre-eclampsia, eclampsia

Uncontrolled hypertension.

For long-term treatment: Evidence of cardiac valvulopathy as determined by pre-treatment echocardiography(see section 4.4).

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use


As with other ergot derivatives, cabergoline should be given with caution to patients with severecardiovascular disease, Raynaud's syndrome, peptic ulcer or gastrointestinal bleeding, or with a history of serious, particularly psychotic, mental disorders. The effects of alcohol on overall tolerability of cabergoline are currently unknown.

Hepatic Insufficiency:

Lower doses of cabergoline should be considered in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency. Compared to normal volunteers and those with lesser degrees of hepatic insufficiency, an increase in AUC has been seen in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency (Child-Pugh Class C) who received a single 1 mg dose.

Postural Hypotension:

Postural hypotension can occur following administration of cabergoline, particularly during the first days of administration of cabergoline. Care should be exercised when administering cabergoline concomitantly with other drugs known to lower blood pressure.

Fibrosis and Cardiac Valvulopathy and possibly related clinical phenomena:

Fibrotic and serosal inflammatory disorders such as pleuritis, pleural effusion, pleural fibrosis, pulmonary fibrosis, pericarditis, pericardial effusion, cardiac valvulopathy involving one or more valves (aortic, mitral and tricuspid)or retroperitoneal fibrosis have occurred after prolonged usageof ergot derivatives with agonist activity at serotonin 5-HT2B receptor, such as cabergoline. In some cases, symptoms or manifestations of cardiac valvulopathy improved after discontinuation of cabergoline.

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) has been found to be abnormally increased in association with pleural effusion/fibrosis. Chest x-ray examination is recommended in cases of unexplained ESR increases to abnormal values.

Serum creatinine measurements can also be used to help in the diagnosis of fibrotic disorder. Following diagnosis of pleural effusion/pulmonary fibrosis or valvulopathy, the discontinuance of cabergolinehas been reported to result in improvement of signs and symptoms (see section 4.3).

Valvulopathy has been associated with cumulative doses, therefore, patients should be treated with the lowest effective dose. At each visit, the risk benefit profile of cabergoline treatment for the patient should be reassessed to determine the suitability of continued treatment with cabergoline.

Before initiating long-term treatment:

All patients must undergo a cardiovascular evaluation, including echocardiogram, to assess the potential presence of asymptomatic valvular disease. It is also appropriate to perform baseline investigations of erythrocyte sedimentation rate or other inflammatory markers, lung function/chest x-ray and renal function prior to initiation of therapy.

In patients with valvular regurgitation, it is not known whether cabergoline treatment might worsen the underlying disease. If fibrotic valvular disease is detected, the patient should not be treated with cabergoline. (see Section 4.3).

During long-term treatment:

Fibrotic disorders can have an insidious onset and patients should be regularly monitored for possible manifestations of progressive fibrosis. Therefore during treatment, attention should be paid to the signs and symptoms of:

Therefore, valvular fibrosis (and constrictive pericarditis) should be excluded if such symptoms occur.

Clinical diagnostic monitoring for development of fibrotic disorders, as appropriate, is essential. Following treatment initiation, the first echocardiogram must occur within 3-6 months; thereafter, the frequency of echocardiographic monitoring should be determined by appropriate individual clinical assessment with particular emphasis on the above-mentioned signs and symptoms, but must occur at least every 6 to 12 months.

Cabergoline should be discontinued if an echocardiogram reveals new or worsened valvular regurgitation, valvular restriction or valve leaflet thickening (see Section 4.3).

The need for other clinical monitoring (e.g., physical examination,including cardiac auscultation, X-ray, CT scan) should be determined on an individual basis.

Additional appropriate investigations such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and serum creatinine measurements should be performed if necessary to support a diagnosis of a fibrotic disorder.

Somnolence/Sudden Sleep Onset:

Cabergoline has been associated with somnolence and episodes of sudden sleep onset in patients with Parkinson's disease. Sudden onset of sleep during daily activities, in some cases without awareness or warning signs, has been reported. Patients must be informed of this and advised to exercise caution while driving or operating machines during treatment with cabergoline. Patients who have experienced somnolence and/or an episode of sudden sleep onset must refrain from driving or operating machines. A reduction in dosage or termination of therapy may be considered (see section 4.7).

Renal Insufficiency:

No overall differences in the pharmacokinetics of cabergoline were observed in moderate to severe renal disease. The pharmacokinetics of cabergoline has not been studied in patients having end-stage renal failure, or in patients on haemodialysis; these patients should be treated with caution.


Pathological gambling, increased libido and hypersexuality have been reported in patients treated with dopamine agonists including cabergoline.This has been generally reversible upon reduction of the dose or treatment discontinuation.


This medicinal product contains lactose. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

The concomitant use of antiparkinson non-dopamine agonists (eg, selegiline, amantadine, biperiden, trihexyphenidyl) was allowed in clinical studies for patients receiving cabergoline. In studies where the pharmacokinetic interactions of cabergoline with L-dopa or selegiline were evaluated, no interactions were observed.

No information is available about interaction between cabergoline and other ergot alkaloids; therefore, the concomitant use of these medications during long-term treatment with cabergoline is not recommended.

Since cabergoline exerts its therapeutic effect by direct stimulation of dopamine receptors, it should not be concurrently administered with drugs that have dopamine-antagonist activity (such as phenothiazines, butyrophenones, thioxanthenes, metoclopramide) since these might reduce the therapeutic effect of cabergoline.

As with other ergot derivatives, cabergoline should not be used in association with macrolide antibiotics (e.g. erythromycin) due to increased systemic bioavailability.

Interactions with other medicinal products that reduce blood pressure should be taken into consideration.

4.6 Pregnancy and lactation


Before cabergoline administration, pregnancy should be excluded and after treatment should be prevented for at least one month.

In a twelve year observational study on pregnancy outcomes following cabergoline therapy, information is available on 256 pregnancies. Seventeen of these 256 pregnancies (6.6%) eventuated in major congenital malformations or abortion. Information is available on 23/258 infants who had a total of 27 neonatal abnormalities, both major and minor. Musculoskeletal malformations were the most common neonatal abormality (10), followed by cardio-pulmonary abnormalities (5). There is no information on perinatal disorders or long-term development of infants exposed to intra-uterine cabergoline. Based on recent published literature, the prevalence of major congenital malformations in the general population has been reported to be 6.9% or greater. Rates of congenital abnormality vary between different populations. It is not possible to accurately determine if there is an increased risk as no control group was included.

It is recommended that contraception is used whilst on treatment with cabergoline.

Cabergoline should only be used during pregnancy if clearly indicated.

Cabergoline restores ovulation and fertility in women with hyperprolactinaemic hypogonadism: since pregnancy might occur prior to reinitiation of menses, pregnancy testing is recommended as appropriate during the amenorrhoeic period and, once menses are reinitiated, every time a menstrual period is delayed by more than three days. Women not seeking pregnancy should be advised to use effective non-hormonal contraception during treatment and after cabergoline withdrawal. Because of limited experience on the safety of foetal exposure to cabergoline, it is advisable that women seeking pregnancy conceive at least one month after cabergoline discontinuation given that ovulatory cycles persist in some patients for 6 months after withdrawal. Should pregnancy occur during treatment, cabergoline is to be discontinued. As a precautionary measure, women who become pregnant should be monitored to detect signs of pituitary enlargement since expansion of pre-existing pituitary tumours may occur during gestation.

Contraception should be continued for at least 4 weeks after stopping cabergoline.


In rats, cabergolineand/or its metabolites are excreted in milk. No information is available on excretion in breast milk in humans; however, lactation is expected to be inhibited/suppressed by cabergoline, in view of its dopamine agonist properties. Mothers should be advised not to breast-feed while being treated with cabergoline.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Cabergoline reduces blood pressure, which may impair the reactions of certain patients. This should be taken into account in situations requiring intense awareness, such as when driving a car or operating machinery.

Patientsbeing treated with cabergoline and presenting with somnolence and/or sudden sleep onset episodes must be informed to refrain from driving or engaging in activities where impaired alertness may put themselves or others at risk of serious injury or death (e.g. operating machines), until such episodes and somnolence have resolved (see section 4.4).

4.8 Undesirable effects

The following undesirable effects have been observed and reported during treatment with CABASER with the following frequencies: Very common (≥1/10); common (≥1/100 to <1/10); uncommon (≥1/1,000 to ≤1/100); rare (≥1/10,000 to ≤1/1,000); very rare (≤1/10,000), not known (cannot be estimated from the available data).

Newly Diagnosed Parkinson’s Patients


System Organ Class


Undesirable Effects

Psychiatric disorders


Hallucinations, sleep disturbances

Nervous system disorders


Dizziness, drowsiness, dyskinesias

Vascular disorders


Postural hypotension

Gastrointestinal disorders

Very common



Constipation, dyspepsia, gastritis, vomiting

General disorders and

administration site


Very common

Peripheral edema

Patients on Adjunct Levodopa Therapy


System Organ Class


Undesirable Effects

Psychiatric disorders


Confusion, hallucinations

Nervous system disorders


Dizziness, dyskinesia



Cardiac disorders



Vascular disorders


Postural hypotension



Respiratory, thoracic and

mediastinal disorders


Pleural effusion, pulmonary fibrosis

Gastrointestinal disorders

Very common



Dyspepsia, gastritis, vomiting

General disorders and

administration site



Peripheral edema



Decreased hemoglobin, hematocrit, and/or

red blood cell (>15% vs baseline)

Post-marketing Surveillance


System Organ Class


Undesirable Effects

Immune system disorders


Hypersensitivity reaction

Psychiatric disorders


Increased libido


Delusions, psychotic disorder

Not Known

Aggression, hypersexuality, pathological


Nervous system disorders


Headache, somnolence

Not Known

Sudden sleep onset, syncope

Cardiac disorders

Very common

Valvulopathy (including regurgitation) and

related disorders (pericarditis and

pericardial effusion)

Vascular disorders

Not Known

Digital vasospasm

Respiratory, thoracic and

mediastinal disorders



Very rare


Not Known

Respiratory disorder, respiratory failure

Hepato-biliary disorders


Hepatic function abnormal

Skin and subcutaneous

tissue disorders



Not Known


Musculoskeletal and

connective tissue disorders

Not Known

Leg cramps

General disorders and

administration site





Edema, fatigue



Liver function tests abnormal

Not Known

Blood creatinine phosphokinase increased

There have been reports of fibrotic and serosal inflammatory conditions, such as pleuritis, pleural effusion, pleural fibrosis, pulmonary fibrosis, pericarditis, pericardial effusion, cardiac valvulopathy and retroperitoneal fibrosis, in patients taking cabergoline (see Section 4.4). There is limited information available on the reversibility of these reactions.

Gastric upset was more frequent in female than in male patients, while CNS events were more frequent in the elderly.

A blood pressure decrease of clinical relevance was observed mainly on standing in a minority of patients. The effect was mainly evident in the first weeks of therapy. Neither modification of heart rate nor consistent changes of ECG tracing were observed during cabergoline treatment.

Alterations in standard laboratory tests are uncommon during long term therapy with cabergoline. In clinical studies, increases of triglycerides greater than 30% above the upper limit of the laboratory reference range were observed in 6.8% of the cabergoline-treated patients who had values within the normal range at baseline. In most cases the increases were transient. No clear indications of increases over time or significant shifts from normal to abnormal values were observed in the overall group of patients treated with cabergoline.


Adverse events have been reported with lower doses of cabergoline (0.25 – 2 mg per week) that are not listed above including:

Common (>1/100 to <1/10)

Nervous system disorders: Depression, paresthesia.

Cardiac disorders: Palpitations

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Facial redness

Uncommon (>1/1000 to <1/100)

Eye disorders: Hemianopsia

Vascular disorders: Nose bleeding

Rare (>1/10000 to <1/1000)

Vascular disorders: Fainting

4.9 Overdose

Symptoms of overdose would likely be those of over-stimulation of dopamine receptors, eg, nausea, vomiting, gastric complaints, postural hypotension, confusion/psychosis or hallucinations.

Supportive measures should be taken to remove unabsorbed drug and maintain blood pressure, if necessary.

In addition, the administration of dopamine antagonist drugs may be advisable.


5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Dopamine agonist

ATC code: N04BC06

Cabergoline is a synthetic ergot alkaloid and an ergoline derivate with long-acting dopamine agonist and prolactin-inhibiting properties. A central dopaminergic effect via D2-

receptor stimulation is achieved through higher doses than doses that reduce the levels of serum prolactin.

Controlled clinical studies have demonstrated that cabergoline is effective at an average dose of 4 mg/day following titration (up to 5-6 mg cabergoline/day in the different studies). Cabergoline reduces daily fluctuations in the motor function in patients with Parkinson’s disease that are being treated with levodopa/carbidopa. In newly diagnosed patients, cabergoline administered as monotherapy has been shown to produce somewhat less frequent clinical improvement compared with levodopa/carbidopa.

With regard to the endocrine effects of Cabergoline not related to the antiprolactinaemic effect, available data from humans confirm the experimental findings in animals indicating that the test compound is endowed with a very selective action with no effect on basal secretion of other pituitary hormones or cortisol.

The pharmacodynamic actions of cabergoline not correlated with the therapeutic effect only relate to blood pressure decrease. The maximal hypotensive effect of cabergoline as single dose usually occurs during the first 6 hours after active substance intake and is dose-dependent both in terms of maximal decrease and frequency.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties


After oral administration cabergoline is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract as the peak plasma concentration is received within 0.5 to 4 hours.

Food does not appear to affect absorption and disposition of cabergoline.


In-vitro” experiments showed that cabergoline at concentrations of 0.1 – 10 ng/ml is 41-42% bound to plasma proteins.


In urine, the main metabolite identified is 6-allyl-8ß-carboxy-ergoline, which accounts for 4-6% of the dose. Three additional metabolites are identified in urine, which account overall for less than 3% of the dose. The metabolites have been found to be much less potent than cabergoline in inhibiting prolactin secretion “in-vitro”.


The elimination half-life of cabergoline, is long; (63-68 hours in healthy volunteers and 79-115 hours in hyperprolactinaemic patients.

On the basis of the elimination half-life, steady state conditions should be achieved after 4 weeks, as confirmed by the mean peak plasma levels of cabergoline obtained after a single dose (37 ± 8 pg/ml) and after a 4 week multiple-regimen (101 ± 43 pg/ml) for 0.5 cabergoline dose.

Ten days after administration about 18% and 72% of the dose is recovered in urine and faeces, respectively. Unchanged cabergoline in urine accounts for 2-3% of the dose.


The pharmacokinetic profile is linear up to 7 mg per day.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

There were maternotoxic effects but no teratogenic effects in mice given cabergoline at doses up to 8 mg/kg/day (approximately 55 times the maximum recommended human dose) during the period of organogenesis.

A dose of 0.012 mg/kg/day (approximately 1/7 the maximum recommended human dose) during the period of organogenesis in rats caused an increase in post-implantation embryofetal losses. These losses could be due to the prolactin inhibitory properties of cabergoline in rats. At daily doses of 0.5 mg/kg/day (approximately 19 times the maximum recommended human dose) during the period of organogenesis in the rabbit, cabergoline caused maternotoxicity characterized by a loss of body weight and decreased food consumption. Doses of 4 mg/kg/day (approximately 150 times the maximum recommended human dose) during the period of organogenesis in the rabbit caused an increased occurrence of various malformations. However, in another study in rabbits, no treatment-related malformations or embryofetotoxicity were observed at doses up to 8 mg/kg/day (approximately 300 times the maximum recommended human dose).

Almost all the findings noted throughout the series of preclinical safety studies are a consequence of the central dopaminergic effects or the long-lasting inhibition of PRL in species (rodents) with a specific hormonal physiology different to man.


6.1 List of excipients

Anhydrous lactose


Magnesium stearate (E572)

6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

6.3 Shelf life

2 years.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Store in the original package in order to protect from moisture. The drying capsule with silica gel must not be removed from the bottle.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

Brown glass bottles (type III) that contain a desiccation capsule with silica gel. The brown glass bottle has an induction-sealed childproof aluminium membrane and a childproof HDPE top. External box.

Packaging sizes: 2, 8, 14, 15, 16, 20, 28, 30, 32, 40, 48, 50, 60, 90, 96, 100.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal

No special requirement.


<[To be completed nationally]>


<[To be completed nationally]>


Date of first authorisation: 2006-06-16

Date of last renewal: 2009-05-07


9 November 2011